Architecture (from Latin architectura, from the Greek. Architéktón – builder). Art of design, build buildings and facilities (and their complexes). The architecture creates material organized environment necessary for people about their lives and activities, in accordance with modern technical features and aesthetic views of society. Architecture emerged in the era of human civilization (megaliths). In the cult complex of Stonehenge in England (2nd millennium BC) and in some other ancient structures already identified the main elements of architectural construction – carriers (vertical supporters) and horizontal supporters.
Piazza Del Duomo, Florence
Each era find their own unique form of artistic interpretation of these elements. The development of architecture was closely linked to the progress of science and technology and determine the real possibilities. For its part, the architecture fosters the development of a number of disciplines (eg :structural mechanics, theory of construction materials). The architecture is divided into two major parts: religious or church (churches, monasteries) and the world (houses and palaces, public and industrial buildings, landscape architecture, and urban planning – the art of planning and building of the city). For millennia, the most important buildings of the people were those buildings that took place mainly in the city.
Notre Dame De Paris
Plaza De Cibeles
Red Square With Lenins Mausoleum Moscow
Hirshhorn Museum in Washington
The architecture of the buildings affected and climate areas. Intensity of sunlight and the dominating wind direction, all these factors can emphasize the dignity of the building. In those areas where there is a lot of snow, the roofs of the houses decided to make high and steep roof; for the Mediterranean which almost never happens to rain snow is characterized by a small slope roof; in drylands enough flat roof to protect from the sun. Cold air requires closure of the facility to keep warm, in the southern part it is necessary first to provide good ventilation.
Milwaukee Museum of Art
Budapest National Gallery Sanaa